A pharmaceutical drug originally developed to treat Alzheimer’s, Coluracetam is powerful and effective nootropic.

Part of the racetam family, it’s used like other smart drugs – for studying, concentration, and memory, though it’s also regarded as a promising antidepressant/anti-anxiety treatment.

Coluracetam offers some of the benefits of oxiracetam, phenylpiracetam, and piracetam at a lower dosage.

What is Coluracetam?

Developed in Japan by the Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma Corporation in 2005, Coluracetam is a popular nootropic that has been on the market since 2013.

It hasn’t yet gained the popularity of Phenylpiracetam, Piracetam, and other racetams, but has a growing number of ardent users, including students and people with depression and anxiety.

Used as a cognitive enhancer in non-clinical settings, Coluracetam synthesizes Acetylcholine and increases choline uptake.

Users report a slight throbbing in the temples after taking the drug, but it soon dissipates, and they begin to feel alert and experience a clearer, more distinct field of vision.

Acetylcholine is made from choline. Even if you take Coluracetam or another supplement to improve Acetylcholine levels, it’s important to get choline from the foods you eat.

Eggs, meat, poultry, fish, dairy products, and spinach, are good sources of choline, which is a member of the B vitamin family.

Coluracetam is said to have a more relaxed effect than Noopept and other Racetams. It might be worth checking out if you’re sensitive to the potent stimulant properties of some nootropics.

It’s also water-soluble, so you may want to take it with B-complex vitamins, fish oil or other water soluble supplements. Users report it lasts three to four hours, with brief mood-brightening effects along with the longer-lasting cognitive ones.

Matcha green tea and gingko Biloba have the same mild attention-sharpening effects as Coluracetam and are easier to buy than other Racetams. You can buy them at your local health food store.

Coluracetam is legal to buy and sell in the U.S. It is available by prescription in the U.K., but it’s legal to possess without a prescription.

Other names

MKC-231, BCI-540, 3-b quinolin-4-yl)acetoamide

Editor’s Note

One of the newest members of the Racetam family, the jury,’s still out on Coluracetam, as it hasn’t garnered enough studies and user reviews to assess its potential.

The few reports we have seen, though, are positive. The main takeaway for non-clinical users? Coluracetam may be worth it if you can’t use Noopept or other Racetams.

There aren’t a lot of studies or user reports to ascertain its effectiveness, so you’ll need to take a small dose and draw your own conclusions.

There are two distinct ways nootropics – or any supplement- can help your brainpower for studying and concentration.

A supplement can give you super-intense focus and fast, laser-sharp thinking (like Noopept or Aniracetam), but creative, right-brain-oriented types may prefer a kinder, gentler form of concentration. Coluracetam is the latter, as it is also used for anti-anxiety purposes.

Coluracetam has been studied for the treatment of schizophrenia. Researchers treated rats exposed to cocaine, phencyclidine, and carbachol with Coluracetam.

The results showed Coluracetam reduced locomotor dysfunction and helped stop the decline in choline acetyltransferase cells. Based on this, researchers believe Coluracetam may be a viable treatment for schizophrenia.

This racetam may also work on the part of your brain responsible for vision. Some users report an increase in visual clarity, with colors and shapes appearing sharper and more defined. However, no psychedelic effects are evident; it merely enhances eyesight.

Since Coluracetam shows promise for relieving anxiety and depression, there are sure to be more studies conducted on this drug.

The state of California gave Coluracetam a “Qualifying Therapeutic Discovery Program Grant” due to its possible effectiveness for treating Anxiety and Major Depressive Disorders (MDD).

Coluracetam Reviews

Studies and expert reviews are minimal, but there are many user reviews for Coluracetam on message boards and social media.

The nootropics forum on Reddit contains several discussions about Coluracetam.

Reddit user Oakfan says:

“Coluracetam is by far my most favorite nootropic. It seems to work for as long as 3-4 days for me after dosing, and I would relate the effects closely to a strong dose of theanine and piracetam.

A review of liquid Coluracetam on states,

“Verbal memory is ON FIRE with this stuff. Words I forgot I knew come fast on this!” and “it gives you a calm sense of awareness.”

Much of the hype surrounding coluracetam comes from a study performed by BrainCells Inc, in which BCI-540 (coluracetam’s codename at the time) was investigated as a treatment for comorbid depression and generalized anxiety disorder. Patients in the experimental group were given 80mg of coluracetam either once or three times daily for a total of six weeks. In the subgroup where participants dose thrice daily, 36% responded positively to treatment versus 19% in the placebo group. Taking coluracetam once daily did not have statistically significant results.

Previous research done in Japan didn’t produce results on clinical efficacy, but it did confirm a major part of coluracetam’s mechanism of action, which involves choline uptake in the brain.

Benefits and Effects

Anxiety and Depression

There is some talk in the psychological community about the effectiveness of Coluracetam to treat anxiety.

Patients who showed little or no improvement with other antidepressants experienced some success with Coluracetam.

Its high bioavailability and its laidback effect on brain cells make it a Racetam to watch for the serious treatment of anxiety.

A study conducted by the scientific research company BrainCells, Inc. showed that three doses of 80 mg a day (240 mg a day) were effective in treating generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), co-existing with depression.

Further studies are needed to prove its worth as an antidepressant/anti-anxiety treatment.

Alzheimer’s Disease

The Open Chemistry Database lists Coluracetam as having a patent as a therapeutic method or treatment for Alzheimer’s disease and other neurological disorders.

Alzheimer’s Disease is a motor neuron disease. When neurons in the brain are damaged, they are unable to communicate with each other, causing loss of memory and cognitive function.

Alzheimer’s and neuron damage is linked to several factors besides simply getting old, including obesity, smoking, depression and poor diet.

Certain supplements and medications, including Coluracetam, have been shown to improve communications between neurons (nerve cells) and help patients regain memory and cognitive function.

Memory and Learning

A study showed Coluracetam improved memory in rats that were given 3 mg doses of the drug and the neuron-specific neurotoxin substance AF64A for eight days.

The rats were able to get through a Morris Water Maze three days after the last dosage. (There were only traces of Coluracetam in their systems at the three-day mark.)

You’ll be able to think clearly (and even recall some new memories) with Coluracetam, which is listed as a natural memory enhancer in this study by the Birla Institute of Technology in India.

How It Works

The neurotransmitter Acetylcholine is necessary to connect synapses and neurons in your brain and enhance plasticity.

High acetylcholine activity improves the ability to form and maintain memory, and may also aid the learning process.

All Racetams, including Coluracetam, increase acetylcholine production and slowly break down this chemical in the body.

Coluracetam works within the high-affinity choline uptake process (HACU) to absorb choline into neurons. By preserving choline and converting it into acetylcholine, Coluracetam increases attentio